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PowerShell Scanning Script [Jun. 27th, 2009|10:08 am]
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I've hooked up the printer/scanner to the Media Center PC since I leave that on all the time anyway so we can have a networked printer. I wanted to hook up the scanner in a somewhat similar fashion but I didn't want to install HP's software (other than the drivers of course). So I've written my own script for scanning in PowerShell that does the following:

  1. Scans using the Windows Image Acquisition APIs via COM
  2. Runs OCR on the image using Microsoft Office Document Imaging via COM (which may already be on your PC if you have Office installed)
  3. Converts the image to JPEG using .NET Image APIs
  4. Stores the OCR text into the EXIF comment field using .NET Image APIs (which means Windows Search can index the image by the text in the image)
  5. Moves the image to the public share

Here's the actual code from my scan.ps1 file:

param([Switch] $ShowProgress, [switch] $OpenCompletedResult)

$filePathTemplate = "C:\users\public\pictures\scanned\scan {0} {1}.{2}";
$time = get-date -uformat "%Y-%m-%d";

[void]([reflection.assembly]::loadfile( "C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v2.0.50727\System.Drawing.dll"))

$deviceManager = new-object -ComObject WIA.DeviceManager
$device = $deviceManager.DeviceInfos.Item(1).Connect();

foreach ($item in $device.Items) {
	$fileIdx = 0;
	while (test-path ($filePathTemplate -f $time,$fileIdx,"*")) {
		[void](++$fileIdx);
	}

	if ($ShowProgress) { "Scanning..." }

	$image = $item.Transfer();
	$fileName = ($filePathTemplate -f $time,$fileIdx,$image.FileExtension);
	$image.SaveFile($fileName);
	clear-variable image

	if ($ShowProgress) { "Running OCR..." }

	$modiDocument = new-object -comobject modi.document;
	$modiDocument.Create($fileName);
	$modiDocument.OCR();
	if ($modiDocument.Images.Count -gt 0) {
		$ocrText = $modiDocument.Images.Item(0).Layout.Text.ToString().Trim();
		$modiDocument.Close();
		clear-variable modiDocument

		if (!($ocrText.Equals(""))) {
			$fileAsImage = New-Object -TypeName system.drawing.bitmap -ArgumentList $fileName
			if (!($fileName.EndsWith(".jpg") -or $fileName.EndsWith(".jpeg"))) {
				if ($ShowProgress) { "Converting to JPEG..." }

				$newFileName = ($filePathTemplate -f $time,$fileIdx,"jpg");
				$fileAsImage.Save($newFileName, [System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat]::Jpeg);
				$fileAsImage.Dispose();
				del $fileName;

				$fileAsImage = New-Object -TypeName system.drawing.bitmap -ArgumentList $newFileName 
				$fileName = $newFileName
			}

			if ($ShowProgress) { "Saving OCR Text..." }

			$property = $fileAsImage.PropertyItems[0];
			$property.Id = 40092;
			$property.Type = 1;
			$property.Value = [system.text.encoding]::Unicode.GetBytes($ocrText);
			$property.Len = $property.Value.Count;
			$fileAsImage.SetPropertyItem($property);
			$fileAsImage.Save(($fileName + ".new"));
			$fileAsImage.Dispose();
			del $fileName;
			ren ($fileName + ".new") $fileName
		}
	}
	else {
		$modiDocument.Close();
		clear-variable modiDocument
	}

	if ($ShowProgress) { "Done." }

	if ($OpenCompletedResult) {
		. $fileName;
	}
	else {
		$result = dir $fileName;
		$result | add-member -membertype noteproperty -name OCRText -value $ocrText
		$result
	}
}

I ran into a few issues:

  • MODI doesn't seem to be in the Office 2010 Technical Preview I installed first. Installing Office 2007 fixed that.
  • The MODI.Document class, at least via PowerShell, can't be instantiated in a 64bit environment. To run the script on my 64bit OS I had to start powershell from the 32bit cmd.exe (C:\windows\syswow64\cmd.exe).
  • I was planning to hook up my script to the scanner's 'Scan' button, but HP didn't get the button working for their Vista driver. Their workaround is "don't do that!".
  • You must call Image.Dispose() to get .NET to release its reference to the corresponding image file.
  • In trying to figure out how to store the text in the files comment, I ran into a dead-end trying to find the corresponding setter for GetDetailsOf which folks like James O'Neil use in PowerShell for interesting ends.

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